EU Parties Focus on Migration in Upcoming European Parliament Elections Amid Record Asylum Applications



In anticipation of the European Parliament election set for June 6-9 across the 27-member EU block, migration remains a highly contentious issue. As the EU struggles with managing migrants and refugees, a new law has been rushed through to overhaul its migration policy. This law allows for the transfer of asylum seekers between member states and enhances the ability to send people back, raising concerns among rights groups about potential human rights violations. Despite this legislative change, migration is not the top priority for EU voters, ranking seventh in importance behind issues such as the economy and health. The effectiveness of the new policy and its alignment with voter priorities remain to be seen in the upcoming elections.

  • The European Parliament election will involve the selection of 720 parliamentarians, with seat allocation based on each member state’s population.
  • Migration has emerged as a divisive political topic, with over 3,000 migrants dying in 2023 while attempting to reach Europe, marking the highest death toll since 2017.
  • A new law aimed at overhauling EU migration policy allows for the transfer of asylum seekers for processing in other EU countries and strengthens the mechanism for sending people back.
  • Rights groups express concerns over the new migration deal, fearing it could lead to human rights violations within EU borders or support repressive regimes.
  • The EU has negotiated deals with North African countries like Tunisia, Egypt, and Morocco to prevent migrants from leaving their shores.
  • Despite the new migration law, anti-immigration governments and far-right parties continue to campaign on ending migration into the EU.
  • Over 1.14 million asylum applications were received by the EU in 2023, the highest since the 2016 migration crisis.
  • Migration ranks as the seventh most important issue for EU voters, according to a Eurobarometer study.
  • Experts suggest that it will take time for the new migration deal to show its effects, with full implementation expected in two years.
  • The EU is engaging in bilateral deals with countries of origin to manage migration, focusing on law enforcement and empowering potential migrants to find opportunities in their home countries.

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