Tirana’s Pyramid Transformation: From Communist Symbol to Creative Hub



The transformation of the Tirana pyramid, an enduring symbol of Albania’s communist history, is at the center of a debate about preserving the past. Once a museum dedicated to the country’s former dictator, Enver Hoxha, the pyramid is now repurposed as a hub for technology and creativity. While some view the change as a way to erase the harsh legacy of communism, others believe it symbolically opposes dictatorship by making history visible and focusing on a future shaped by the youth.

  • The Tirana pyramid, originally the Enver Hoxha Museum, is becoming a new landmark in Albania’s capital.
  • It is now a popular spot for locals and tourists, offering a view of the city from its top.
  • Some, like former political prisoner Fatos Lubonja, see the pyramid as a symbol of oppression and are concerned that its history is being ignored.
  • Lubonja is a critic of the pyramid’s renovation, fearing it might erase the dark history of communism in Albania.
  • Architect Giti Eoli insists that preserving and revealing the building’s history was a key concern during the pyramid’s transformation.
  • The pyramid now houses the Tumo Center for creative technology, offering free courses to young people.
  • A graphic design class at the Tumo Center is working on a project about the Spac prison, where Lubonja was once held, indicating that young Albanians may be more aware of their history than assumed.
  • The renovation aims to symbolically oppose communism by allowing people to conquer the pyramid and by integrating elements that reflect its history.

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