Armenia Seeks to Reduce Dependence on Russia and Explore Security Guarantees from the West


Armenia is poised to reduce its reliance on Russia, seeking to exit the CSTO military alliance as it turns to the West for security guarantees. This shift comes amid growing concerns over the presence of Russian military bases in Armenia and the impact of the war in Ukraine. Armenia’s Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has criticized Russia for not preventing Azerbaijan’s takeover of Nagorno-Karabakh and is exploring closer ties with the European Union. The country’s strategic pivot reflects a broader reassessment of its foreign policy and security arrangements, amid domestic pressure and geopolitical challenges.
  • Armenia aims to reduce dependency on Russia, seeking to leave the CSTO military alliance.
  • Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan criticizes Russia for its role in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and seeks closer ties with the West.
  • There is a significant Russian military presence in Armenia, particularly in the city of Gyumri, near the Turkish border.
  • Armenia views its relationship with Russia as inadequate for its security, given recent regional developments.
  • The move towards the West includes aspirations for EU membership, as indicated by discussions in the European Parliament.
  • Domestic pressure is mounting against the government, with protests calling for better security and stability measures following the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
  • Armenia’s strategic pivot is influenced by its challenging geopolitical landscape, including strained relations with neighboring Turkey and Azerbaijan.
  • Armenia’s future direction is uncertain, with potential risks in moving away from Russia and seeking new alliances.

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