DW Analysis: Comparing Israel and Hezbollah’s Military Strength Amid Escalation



The recent escalation of conflict between Israel and Hezbollah has led to daily exchanges of fire across the Israel-Lebanon border, following a Hamas terror attack on Israel. Israel’s military has revealed plans for a potential invasion of Lebanon to secure the border, highlighting the significant military capabilities on both sides. Hezbollah, backed by funding from Iran, boasts tens of thousands of soldiers and a large arsenal of rockets and missiles, posing a substantial threat to Israeli infrastructure. Israel counters with one of the world’s most modern militaries, including a significant number of active duty soldiers, reservists, tanks, and an advanced anti-missile system known as the Iron Dome. The potential for a full-scale war raises concerns about high civilian casualties and the involvement of regional powers, further complicating the situation.

  • US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken has urged Israel not to escalate the ongoing conflict with Hezbollah.
  • Israel and Hezbollah have been exchanging fire almost daily since a Hamas terror attack on Israel.
  • Israel’s military has approved an operational plan to invade Lebanon.
  • Hezbollah, founded in the 1980s, has become a significant political force in Lebanon with extensive military capabilities, including an estimated 45,000 to 100,000 soldiers and 150,000 rockets and missiles.
  • Israel possesses one of the world’s most modern militaries, with 170,000 active duty soldiers, 465,000 reservists, and a powerful Air Force, along with the Iron Dome missile defense system.
  • An all-out war could lead to significant damage and high civilian casualties on both sides.
  • There are concerns that intense fighting between Israel and Hezbollah could draw in Iran and the US into a major regional conflict.
  • The Israeli public, particularly those in northern communities, sees a potential offensive against Hezbollah as necessary despite the stretched resources of Israel’s military due to ongoing conflicts in Gaza and the West Bank.

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