Understanding the Role and Powers of the EU Parliament

The video from FRANCE 24 English offers an insightful overview on the workings of the European Parliament, highlighting its role in the legislative process within the European Union (EU). It clarifies that the Parliament, comprising 720 Members (MEPs) elected for five years, votes on laws (EU regulations and directives) that impact life across the EU. Although it cannot propose new laws—a task designated to the European Commission—it plays a pivotal role in shaping them through the ordinary legislative procedure. The video also touches on the Parliament’s responsibilities in selecting the European Commission’s President and approving Commissioners, along with its authority in budget oversight and its power to force the Commission to resign under certain circumstances.

  • The European Parliament consists of 720 MEPs elected for five-year terms.
  • MEPs vote on EU regulations and directives, affecting various aspects of life across the EU.
  • The Parliament does not have the power to initiate laws; this is the role of the European Commission.
  • It engages in the ordinary legislative procedure, giving it co-legislator status with the Council on most issues, excluding fiscal affairs.
  • More than 400 directives were adopted by the Parliament during its 2014-2019 mandate.
  • Laws must be approved by both the Parliament and the Council of EU leaders to pass.
  • The Parliament plays a crucial role in selecting the President of the European Commission and approving the 26 Commissioners.
  • It has the power to force the European Commission to resign through a no-confidence vote requiring a two-thirds majority.
  • The Parliament has oversight authority over the EU budget.

France 24 is an international television network and news website owned by the French state.

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Original video here.

This summary has been generated by AI.


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